UDC 528.8.04, 528.88 RETRIEVAL OF BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTIVITY PARAMETERS OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS USING OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING DATA Kozoderov V.V. 1, Dmitriev E. V. 2, Sokolov A. A. 3 1
Dr. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskiye Gory 1, Moscow, 119991, Russia, e-mail
: firstname.lastname@example.org 2
Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), Institute of Numerical Mathematics of Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Gubkina 8, Moscow, 119333, Russia; Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology (State University), Institutskiy per. 9, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region, 141700, Russia 3
Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), University of Littoral Côte d'Opale, Laboratory for Physico-Chemistry of the Atmosphere, 189A Avenue Maurice Schumann, 59140 Dunkerque, France Abstract.
Typical understanding in studying fluxes of elements for different reservoirs is seen as a necessity to combine remote sensing data and ground-based observations for various ecosystems. This paper deals with the biological productivity estimates retrieved from optical airborne data of high spectral and spatial resolution for the forest patterns of different species and ages within a test area. The main attention is paid to compare the available forest inventory maps of this area and the results of the pattern recognition using hyper-spectral airborne imagery processing and projective cover parameters for the near to nadir view angles. We construct an improved classifier to enhance a computational efficiency of the procedures employed while minimizing the posteriori energy category of the spectral radiances registered for selected forest classes by the imaging spectrometer on the test area and reducing redundancy of the spectral channels by their optimization without diminishing accuracy of the pattern recognition. The next step of the imagery processing is to retrieve the phyto-mass amount and the total biomass amount for the recognized forest classes based on our original approach of the outgoing radiances formation for each image pixel using the end-members characterization instead of the common-used "vegetation indices" concept. The end-members are described for a particular forest class by pixels relating to the sunlit tops, completely shaded background and partly illuminated by the Sun and partly shaded. The final procedure is in constructing the models of the forest growth in the form of Net Primary Productivity (NPP) and similar other parameters retrieved from the information products. The listed stages of the forest class recognition, the biomass retrieval and NPP estimates are designed for enhanced parameterization of forested environments in climate models. Key words:
airborne hyper-spectral remote sensing; forest pattern recognition; biological productivity parameters; retrieval procedures complex systems. experiment, theory, practice, discussion
UDC 575.8+579.89+581.524 FRACTALITY OF CHANNELS AND ECOSYSTEM THEORY OF EVOLUTION Bogatykh B.A.
Cand. Sci. (Biologic), Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of the National Nuclear Research University (MEPhI); Obninsk, Studgorodok, Kaluga region, 249020, Russia; e-mail
: email@example.com Abstract.
The evolution of living things in more and more complex systems is considered from a viewpoint of attractor-repeller interpretation as well as based on the nature of fractality of channels. In this case one of the "strange" (fractal) attractors (Plykin's attractor), which among other factors, carries nonrandom order-generating sequences is responsible for the nature of fractal channels. This approach allows to comprehend a wide range of dynamism components (cenoses, biocenoses, biogeocenoses) forming one or another integrity, right up to the whole biosphere. Keywords:
strange attractors, repellers, fractality of channels, Plykin's attractor
UDC 53.082 MACRO- AND MICRO- PULSATIONS OF PHYSICAL BODIES CAN BE POSSIBLE PRECURSORS OF PROGNOSTICATION OF NATURAL EVENTS Rukin M.D.1, Vinnik M.A.2, Kharlamenko I.V.3 1
Dr.Sci. (Engineering), prof., the Earth Science Museum at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail
: firstname.lastname@example.org 2
Dr.Sci. (Pedagogic), prof., the Earth Science Museum at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail
: email@example.com 3
English Language Teacher, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Area Studies at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail
: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract.
The work is based on A.F. Chernyaev's ideas and develops them. The results of ongoing pilot measurement of weights of various physical objects on electronic balance of KERN type are presented. Similar measurements were made both abroad (Zurich (CERN) – Switzerland, China) and in Perm, Chelyabinsk, Korolyov, and have also been held daily (morning and evening) in MSU (Moscow) for more than 5 years. The authors introduce the graphs of weight changings in terms of correlation with natural events such as weather changes and earthquakes which can be of interest for the specialists concerned on the results analysis. Some preliminary authors' findings concerning new ways of prediction of earthquakes, weather changes and application usage of the results of the experiments are presented. Keywords
: pulsation, virtual weight, object, gravitas, electrization, electrostatics, earthquakes, weather changes, experiment management of territories
UDC 711.168 THE RESTORATION OF THE URBAN ELITE HOUSING IN THE MOSCOW AREA OSTOZHENKA Badyina A.V.1 , Rukin M.D.2 1
PhD (Geography), Birmingham, Great Britain, e-mail
: email@example.com 2
Dr.Sci. (Engineering), prof., the Earth Science Museum at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail
: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract.
Gentriﬁcation is a global urban strategy, deliberately pursued in different parts of the world, where it shares the features of the systematised large-scale rebuilding of inner-city dwellings, corporate-government partnerships and a repressive attitude towards native people. This article considers some aspects of this process in post-Soviet Moscow and presents a study of one of Moscow's central districts – Ostozhenka – as a prominent example of a neighbourhood-scale transformation of a once-neglected residential area into the most exclusive quarter.
Keywords: market, privatisation, regeneration, proletarisation, gentriﬁcation, occupational profile, the working, the institutional arena, the interplay, Post-Soviet Moscow, power and capital, change, 'the Golden Mile', legacies of plans, Ostozhenka, social displacement, quarter, conquering, capital. new materials, equipment&technology
UDC 67.15.63, 67.09.91 KVARIT IS COALESCENCE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY, ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND ECONOMY Kokaya E. G.
civil engineer, Moscow, Russia, e-mail
: email@example.com Abstract.
The European IPPC Bureau (2007) is reviewing around 50 techniques for pollution prevention and control in the ceramic manufacturing industry. Therefore, scientists from all over the world are trying to do away with the genetic dependence on the paradigm of past millennia – production of bricks and bloating clay, the main construction materials these days. In today's projects, they try to use various technologies and materials as alternatives. However, all innovative projects reviewed depend on local supplies, which are mostly materials for recycling, whose production is highly volatile and can be seasonal only. Apart from this, these materials use cement as an adhesion agent, and concrete production has always been criticized for multiple reasons.
The proposed project changes all of this. The technical parameters of the projects are much better than the best available technologies (BAT) of the ceramic manufacturing industry. With a very diverse raw material base, the project offers a whole new paradigm for eco-design, opens new horizons for researching new concepts of the future technology that addresses today's challenges and describes an efficient control system. Besides, it helps achieve the following:
- Stop using fossil fuels (gas, oil);
- Lower the environmental impact by reducing the emission of greenhouse gases, nitrogen oxides, dust and noise;
- Save resources (mostly energy, water is not required);
- Considerably reduce the area of open mines and free more land for agriculture. Keywords:
Kvarit, building materials, eco-design, new paradigm, energy efficiency, resource efficiency, environmental compatibility, economy, research GML 5, innovation TRL-4, markets.