history of science
UDC 58(09)

Golikov K. A.

Cand. Sci. (Biological), senior researcher; Earth Science Museum of the Lomonosov Moscow State University; Moscow, Russia; e-mail: iris750@gmail.com

DOI: 10.51618/2408-9591_2021_1_2
Abstract. Irina Viktorovna Dryagina (1921-2017) – commissar of the escadrille of the 46th Guards Taman of the Red Banner Order and Suvorov Order Regiment of night Bombers, captain of the Guard and a well-known biologist, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, professor, breeder, honored worker of the All-Russian Research Institute of Selection and Seed Production of Vegetable Crops (VNIISSOK). For participation in the Patriotic War in combat operations on the Po-2 aircraft and as a political worker I. V. Dryagina was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Battle, the Order of the Patriotic War of the first degree, medals "For the Defense of the Caucasus", "For the Liberation of Prague", "For the Capture of Berlin", "For the Victory over Germany". I. V. Dryagina's research interests included the study of the genetics of fruit crops and the selection and seed production of flower crops, as well as research in the field of inducing mutations in fruit and flower-ornamental plants using ionizing radiation. The practical result of her breeding research was the creation of 46 varieties of garden iris (Iris hybrida hort.) on the basis of the Botanical Garden of the Faculty of Biology of еру Lomonosov Moscow State University, as well as of 25 varieties of other ornamental flowering crops.

Key words: Botanical Garden, Moscow University, iris, variety, I. V. Dryagina, the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945)

adaptation mechanisms to climate change
UDC 504.38

Bobushev T.S.1, Kalashnikova O.U.2

1 Dr. Sci. (Geography), Regional Development Center, Kyrgyz Economic University; Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic; e-mail: t.bobushev@gmail.com

2 Candidate of PhD, Department of Climate, Water & Natural Resources, Central Asia Institute of Applied Geosciences; Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic; e-mail: Olga kalash@ yandex.ru

DOI: 10.51618/2408-9591_2021_1_11
Abstract. Climate change is rightly referring to the problems of a global nature, covering the entire planet, and requires appropriate action. In terms of researching this problem, we are talking about different levels of studying this problem: global, regional and local levels. At the same time, there are various statements and definitions about global climate change. In the view of the society it is often a question of global climate warming as a result of increased temperatures in some regions and the world at large. However, despite the importance of warming the air in the atmosphere due to the development of the greenhouse effect, it is only part of a larger scale and development process – global climate change. The search for optimal solutions to mitigate and adapt the development of territories in the face of climate change should ultimately lead to recommendations for managing the country's modern development. The importance of governance is also related to the policy of safe development of the country and the preparation of information for those responsible for making adequate and optimal decisions at the national, regional and, which is very important, local level within local communities.

Key words: global climate change, mitigation, adaptation, governance

historical parks & estates
UDC 630*245+ 631.962.4 + 631.962.6 + 631.963 + 635.055 + 712.3.025 + 712.2.025


Cand. Sci. (Agricultural); Gatchina, Leningrad region, Russia; e-mail: sunstreet4-3@mail.ru

DOI: 10.51618/2408-9591_2021_1_28
Abstract. The sanitary condition of the plantings was investigated at three areas, selected in accordance with the planned circular walking excursion route "Walk around Bolshaya Polyana". The thematic tour was developed by the author of the article in 2019 on the assignment of the Preservation of Cultural Heritage Objects Directorate of the Committee of Culture of the Government of the Leningrad Region with the support of the Tourism Committee of the Leningrad Region under the state program "Development of Culture and Tourism in the Leningrad Region". To achieve the goal of the researches, it was required to give recommendations for taking appropriate measures to preserve old-growth trees and to ensure the safety of visitors of the manor park. On the territory of the park, during a reconnaissance survey, a large number of 5th category trees were noted as dead wood, windbreak, windfall and stumps of large trees. Along the route the condition of 355 trees was examined and identified. It was found that the predominant species – in the range of plantations under study – is the small-leaved linden (Tilia cordata MILL., 1768), and among the conifers it is the European spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. KARST., 1881). The categories of sanitary condition were assigned in accordance with the latest "Rules ..." approved on 09.12.2020. According to the results of the analysis of the distribution of trees by categories of sanitary condition, it was noted that in all the studied areas, the largest number of trees is in a weakened condition (category 2). Near the palace in two studied areas were found nine healthy specimens of trees; dead trees make up 10.6% of the surveyed (22 out of 207 pcs.). On the longest section of the route there are no healthy trees, and 19 trees of the fifth category were found, which is 11.3% of the 168 examined. As a result, it was found that the most popular measures to improve the sanitary condition of trees are cutting off dry branches in the crown, treating wounds, treating hollows of trees, supporting branches by cabling and bracing.

The research results can be recommended for planning and implementing preventive measures to preserve valuable historical green spaces in estate and museum parks of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region.

Keywords: Taytsy, Demidovs' estate, landscape park, landscape, Gatchinsky district, noble estate, suburbs of St. Petersburg, cultural heritage site of federal significance

management of territories
UDC 550.98

Shatz M.M.1, Cherepanova A.M. 2

1 Cand.Sci. (Geography), Leading Researcher; e-mail: mmshatz@mail.ru

2 Junior Research Scientist; master's student of North-Eastern Federal University, e-mail: alexandra_587@mail.ru

1, 2Melnikov Permafrost Institute, Siberian Branch, RAS; 36, Merzlotnaya Str., 677010, Yakutsk, Russia

DOI: 10.51618/2408-9591_2021_1_38
Abstract. The article highlights the current natural and cryoecological conditions for the development of the Kyuchus gold-antimony mine in North-Eastern Yakutia, one of the largest in Russia. Natural conditions of the region are extremely severe, that significantly inhibits its development. The lack of technology for extracting gold from concentrate seriously complicates the development of the deposit and it is necessary to create special centers for its processing in the Russia. The foundation of unified center in Yakutia for processing of complex component ores and concentrates of refractory ores is quite realistic for the deposit base.

Key words: modern natural and geoeconomic conditions of development; technologies for extracting gold from concentrate; processing center for complex component ores and refractory ore concentrates in Yakutia